What is Simple Present Tense/Present Indefinite Tense?
‘Simple Present’ and ‘Present Indefinite Tense’ are both the same. Simple Present Tense or Present Indefinite Tense refers to an action that is happening right now or an action that is done regularly or is done frequently, or an action that tells about eternal truth.
How to Form Simple Present Tense/Present Indefinite Tense?
To form a Simple Present Tense, at first we use subject, and then we use the base/root form of a verb.
- I read.
- I read a book.
- I read a book in the morning.
- Students read books in the morning.
And if the subject is Third Person Singular Number, then add ‘s’/’es’ at the end of the verb.
- Willam reads.
- William reads a book.
- William reads a book in the morning.
- Mark goes to the grocery store.
- Mark plays soccer in the afternoon.
How to Make Simple Present Tense/Present Indefinite Tense Negative?
Simply use do not/don’t (for first and second person subject), and does not/doesn’t (for third person singular subject) before the verb. Remember, when you need to use ‘does not’, the ‘s’/’es’ with the root verb should not be used.
- I do not/don’t read a book.
- Students do not/don’t read books in the morning.
- Willam does not/doesn’t read.
- Mark does not/doesn’t go to the grocery store.
- Mark does not/doesn’t play soccer.
How to Ask a Question using Simple Present Tense/Present Indefinite Tense?
To make a sentence in an interrogative form, simply use ‘do’/’does’ before the subject and then use the root form of the verb.
- Do I read a book ?
- Does William read a book?
- Does not William read a book?
- Does he not read a book.
When to Use Simple Present Tense/Present Indefinite Temse?
We can use the Simple Present Tense mainly in six situations. They are:
- To describe present action.
- To describe regular action.
- To describe habitual action that is habitually often done.
- To describe general Truth.
- To describe eternal truth or Universal truth.
- In describing any event scheduled in the near future.
-1. To describe present action:
We use this tense to describe a present action, situation or condition of a person or a thing.
- Willism helps his mother.
- Vanessa reads English Grammar.
- Petra looks at the sky.
-2. To describe regular action:
We use this tense to describe actions that we do regularly. We can form sentences using the words/phrases like always, regularly, every day, daily, every week, every year, once a year, rarely, nowadays, etc. to explain the things how often that happens.
- I regularly do yoga in the morning.
- I visit my grandmother in India once a year.
- Nowadays I am busy learning English.
-3. To describe habitual action:
We use this tense to describe the tasks that are done for habitual reasons or the tasks that have become a kind of habit for doing them repeatedly. Here, it is important to understand that no habit happens in one day; It becomes a habit when we do any particular work regularly. Therefore, there is not much difference between regular work and habitual work.
There are two types of Habit: ‘Strong Habit’ which is done every day, otherwise, it creates problems for somebody. Such as: smoking, drinking tea etc. Another kind of habit is ‘Light Habit’. It is what we do to satisfy our mental urges, such as: traveling, watching movies, reading books, gardening, etc.
We can form this type of sentence using the words/phrases like, normally, generally, usually, occasionally, sometimes, often, frequently, seldom, never, at times, at present, now and then, or all the time, etc.
- Normally, I love watching movies on TV.
- Often I go to park to see the natural beauties.
- Sometimes he donates some money to help the poor.
- Normally he smokes ten cigarettes a day.
-4. To describe general Truth:
The Present Indefinite Tense is used to express what is believed to be generally true of a person, animal, object, etc.
- William likes to speak Hindi.
- Mark likes mangoes.
- Most people do not like wine.
- His English speaking style is amazing.
- Cows are innocent animals.
-5. To describe Eternal truth or Universal truth.
Universal facts are universal information, that is, wherever we are in the universe, the information is the same and they are described in the same way. Present Indefinite Tense is used to describe any information which is universally true.
- The sun rises in the East and sets in the West.
- Our universe is revolving around the sun.
- Men are mortals.
- Changing is the law of Nature.
- Water is tasteless, colourless and odourless.
- The moon gives us mild light at night.
-6. In describing any event scheduled in the near future:
We use the Present Indefinite Tense to describe any event/work/action which is scheduled for the future. When future events are described through this tense, it must be accompanied by a reference to when the event will take place.
- William leaves for New York next month.
- Our University opens next week.
- The World Cup Cricket starts tomorrow.
Other Example Sentences of Present Indefinite Tense:
To have a better handle on the Present Indefinite Tense, go through the following sentence.
- I know how to speak English.
- I do not like to play cricket.
- He prefers to movies on TV.
- You always try to be happy.
- He writes modern poems.
- Do you love to watch TV?
- William goes to the market every day.
- Does he like to watch cricket match of today?
- They always visit me.
- Mark loves to swim in the river.
- Our teacher tells us to practice speaking English.
- Students play cricket on the field.
- Does he sing a song?
- Does he not write a letter?
- Do we come to speak to him?
- I give him a flower.
- He is a brilliant student.
- They are all students.
- Mark does not like him.
- I have a plan to visit the whole world.