Present Perfect Tense:
Present Perfect Tense is the tense that is used to express the current state of a work/action that has begun in the past. That is, this tense is used to indicate a connection between the present moment and some unspecified time in the past, and we become more interested in the result of action than in the action itself.
How to Form Present Perfect Tense:
Present Perfect Tense Examples:
- I have written an email.
- He has written various kinds of poems.
- They have heard the news.
- She has passed the test.
- He has gone to the bookstore.
- We have completed the work.
Where to Use Present Perfect Tense:
-1. Talk about something that just happened:
The present perfect tense is used to express recent events, which have just happened. In this situation time adverbs like just, already, recently, lately, not yet, etc. can be used.
- He has done a good job.
- We all have completed our assignment.
- The job seekers have applied for a job.
- I have not yet completed my class assignment.
- I have already visited that place.
- He has lately / recently published a book .
-2. To express work that began in the past and ended in the past:
Any work that started in the past and has ended in the past can be expressed using the present perfect tense, without specifying the time.
- William have reached home safe and sound.
- I have visited that place several times.
-3. Talking about what started in the past and continues today:
We can use the Present Perfect Tense to describe an action which has started in the past and has not ended yet. It is recommended to use ‘for’ or ‘since’ as required.
- Vanessa has been a Biology teacher for 5 years.
- It has been very tough lately.
- My mom have not talked to him recently.
- William has been a professor since 2010.
- The spring has been very enjoyable this year.
- They have lived there for ten years.
-4. Talking about a recent news story:
The present perfect tense is used when talking about local, national, or international news or talk about what happened recently.
- William has obtained a visa for visiting the United States.
- The value of almost all the groceries has risen.
- Saudi Arabia has relaxed tourist visa policy.
-5. Talking about something that has changed over time:
- You have physically and mentally changed a lot since I met you last time.
- This city has improved in all aspects since I visited last.
-6. Talking about life experiences:
We often use the Present Perfect Tense to tell our life experiences.
- Have you ever gone to Tokyo, Japan?
- Have you ever seen an elephant?
- I’ve traveled to the USA several times.
- I’ve never donated blood.
- I’ve been an English teacher for over 5 years.
- William has visited the Taj Mahal.
-7. Talking about achieving something:
The present perfect tense is used to express the achievement of a living person/prsons through hard work and endless effort.
- William has snatched five gold medals in the Olympic.
- Mark has won first prize in the 100-meter sprint in the Asian Games.
- Bangladesh cricket team has got a unbelievable win against Australia.
Note: But instead of the Present Perfect Tense, the Past Indefinite Tense is used to express the achievement that a person achieved something in his lifetime.
-8. Expecting something to happen but that hasn’t happened yet:
The Present Perfect Tense is used to express our expectation of happening something, but that has not yet happened. The word ‘yet’ is commonly used in these expressions.
- Mark has not got the Green card yet.
- My son has not yet got permission for admission in the Medical School.
-9. Something that is still unknown:
The Present Perfect Tense is used to express some of the things that make us think about which we have not yet got a definite answer.
● I have always wanted to understand why our mothers love us so much.
● I have always wondered what happens when I will be no more on this earth.
● I have never understood why he behaved this way with his own mother.
-10. In complex sentences:
If the Principal clause of a complex sentence is in the Present Indefinite Tense or Future Indefinite Tense and if the subordinate clause starts with ‘when’, ‘before’, ‘after’, ‘as soon as’, ‘until’ etc., then the Subordinate clause will be in the Present perfect Tense.
- I will play chess with you when you have come to my home.
- My parents will go to the train station before the train has arrived.
- Our teacher will give us some homework when he has come to the class.
These are all about the Present Perfect Tense Examples. Practice it to make yourself perfect in using this tense.